The PR BlogPublic RelationsMedia Relations & Publicity7 Media Training Mistakes Even Professionals Make

7 Media Training Mistakes Even Professionals Make

Media training is difficult — even for seasoned professionals.

Cover photo by Jerry Silfwer (Instagram)

Even professionals make media training mistakes.

Standing in front of a camera or a microphone can be stressful, especially if you’re facing a crisis. Therefore, many leaders, politicians, and communication professionals invest in professional media training.

Still, many non-PR-professionals dislike the idea of media training immensely. They say:

“You can always spot a media-trained person. They talk and act like assholes. Honestly, I don’t see the point in whatever guys like you are teaching these people.”

Well, they’re not wrong.

Over the years, I’ve media trained lots of executives and politicians. Maybe I should feel somewhat responsible for my part in how people feel about media training?

Talking with reporters, especially in tense situations, is difficult. What official spokespersons often do is take what public relations advice they’ve been given — and then they take it too far.

Let’s dive right in:

Table of Contents

    Pro Mistake 1: Talking Without Providing Substance

    Typical media training advice: If the reporter asks, “is it unsafe to work for you?” you often can’t say ‘yes.’ Just because it was unsafe one time at one location, that doesn’t mean that all related work environments are unsafe. You can’t say ‘no,’ either. It was unsafe in this specific situation. You’re being cornered! The only thing you can do is focus on what you actually can say.

    How this advice backfires: Being media trained, a spokesperson can get over-confident in their abilities. And so, they believe that they can get away with card-stacking and talking themselves out of the situation. Reporters are trained to spot this behaviour, and instead of letting the spokesperson off the hook, they start probing even harder.

    What to do instead: You must have something of substance to say before entering the interview situation. Even if you could talk your way out of a tricky question without saying anything of substance, the audience will dislike you for it — no matter if you succeed or not.

    Pro Mistake 2: Taking the Bridge Technique Too Far

    Typical media training advice: Use the bridge technique. While being unable or unwilling to accept the fundamentals of the question, the interviewee can add context, and by doing so, it’s often possible to slide over to prepared statements and talking points. This is what’s known as the bridge technique.

    How this advice backfires: It’s easy to grasp the mechanics of the bridge technique. The reporter asks a question, doesn’t answer the question, and then talks about what you want to highlight. Too often, media-trained spokespeople take this technique way too far. It’s impolite at best — and it certainly doesn’t look good on camera.

    What to do instead: When you’ve answered a question, it can be helpful to the reporter if you add additional context or insight on your initiative. But always make sure that you’re adding context or insight relevant to the original question.

    Pro Mistake 3: Clinging to Prepared Statements

    Typical media training advice: Prepare a shortlist of prepared statements and answers you would like to get across to the public. Have these statements been fact-checked and used, especially if you’re being put on the spot? If the reporter is open to it, you can then be the one moving the interview forward.

    How this advice backfires: Surprisingly, many media-trained spokespersons decide to repeat their prepared statements word-for-word, over and over again. An irritated reporter could quickly punish you by airing this type of “parrot behaviour” — and it’ll be terrible both on camera and in audio.

    What to do instead: Write down single words to represent your intended talking points, and remember these instead of actual phrases. Don’t memorise word-for-word statements. And most importantly, don’t say the same thing over and over again.

    Pro Mistake 4: Staring the Reporter Down

    Typical media training advice: Most journalists use a common trick to remain silent instead of firing another question. For most people, this silence is awkward and unpleasant. To escape this unpleasantness, they start talking aimlessly. The rule of thumb is to be comfortable and allow for a little bit of quiet now and then.

    How this advice backfires: Allowing for silence is essential, but there’s no need for you to sit there and stare intensely for 30 seconds. Because this doesn’t look good, either. Many media-trained spokespersons are simply applying this advice by triumphantly trying to stare the reporter down.

    What to do instead: If the reporter is serious about staying quiet for a long time, then carefully use the bridge technique to add more context and insight. But take a few moments in silence to think about what you’re going to say before you do. The key is not to be afraid of silence, not feel the need to fill these pauses with excessive talk, and not to enter some staring contest with the reporter.

    Pro Mistake 5: Using Non-Apologies Instead of Apologies

    Typical media training advice: Don’t be afraid of saying that you’re sorry. Making an apology publicly is sometimes just the right thing to do. The important thing here is to not sound like a robot; to make sure that you genuinely empathise.

    How this advice backfires: More often than not, media-trained spokespeople say things like, “We’re sorry they feel this way,” “We’re sorry if this didn’t come across,” or “We’re sorry that you’re sorry.” These statements are also known as non-apologies — and everyone rightfully hates them.

    What to do instead: Connecting through emotions means that you should talk and act like a human being. Don’t say that you’re sad, be sad.[note]If you can’t express human emotions and empathy during difficult times; see a therapist and not a reporter.[/note] And even more importantly, stay away from non-apologies altogether. It’s about your feelings on the matter, not theirs.

    Pro Mistake 6: Second-Guessing Other People’s Emotions

    Typical media training advice: The story is always about people, and therefore, you should focus on those directly involved. Addressing shareholders, markets, and customers will have to come second.

    How this advice backfires: To address the human aspect, many spokespeople make the mistake of trying too hard to reassure people. But it’s never a good idea to tell people not to worry if they aren’t ready. If you contradict what people feel, you’re actively disqualifying their real emotions.

    What to do instead: Don’t talk about other people as if you have magical insights into how they feel. Once again, it’s about your feelings, not theirs.

    Pro Mistake 7: Sticking to Platitudes and Jargon

    Typical media training advice: Never speculate. Nothing good ever came from second-guessing anything in front of a reporter. Stick to what you know.

    How this advice backfires: Media-trained spokespeople rarely say things like “no comment” or “I can neither confirm nor deny.” They know better. But resorting, as many do, to platitudes and jargon instead is not a much better strategy.

    What to do instead: Avoid corporate cringe. Talk like you would with someone you just met on the street asking for directions, and don’t resort to corporate speak.

    Jerry Silfwer
    Jerry Silfwer
    Jerry Silfwer, alias Doctor Spin, is an awarded senior adviser specialising in public relations and digital strategy. Currently CEO at KIX Index and Spin Factory. Before that, he worked at Kaufmann, Whispr Group, Springtime PR, and Spotlight PR. Based in Stockholm, Sweden.


    1. In my first media preparations I was very focused on the message and the exact words. Today my focus is on making the spokesperson comfortable, to remove the stress that surfaces in an inconvenient situation. This is more important as the impact of what the viewer see and the way it is said is more important than the words. Now you gave me confidence to continue this way of work, thanks!

    2. Thanks, a liberating post for us sinners and cynics. Some of your points describe beginner’s errors, and it is hard to teach the kind of security and confident delivery that we are looking for and that comes with experience. But others are not. I especially like the part about bridging. Yes, I teach this too. Shame on us.

      We also provide tools for avoiding and disarming conflict (which the media looks for). But before you take that line, make sure that it is in the client’s interest too. Mistake #9. Fear of media can lead you wrong. That is when the fight is worth taking. The audience actually likes straight talk. Even if they may not agree, (perceived) honesty builds trust. I may be a dreamer, but how about a new media training paradigm: State your case. Have no fear


    Please enter your comment!
    Please enter your name here


    Grab a free subscription before you go.

    Get notified of new blog posts & new PR courses

    🔒 Please read my integrity- and cookie policy.

    Write B2B Blog Posts

    Use my storytelling template (with action prompts) to create blog posts for B2B experts using The Outline Method. Including my 16-page How-To Guide, Demo Post, and professional feedback.

    I've created the Venn diagram of corporate awareness to emphasise the importance of internal collaboration between public relations, marketing, and branding.
    Most popular